Chilly Saturday But Maps Looks Pretty Springy

So many questions, so little time. Is the river flooding threat over? No. Depending on how quickly frost leaves the ground and how much rain falls the next couple of weeks there could very well be a second, even a third crest on many  rivers into late April and early May. It’s wildly premature to take a victory lap.

Will we see another mid-April blizzard, similar to 2018? It’s possible, but highly unlikely. The overall pattern doesn’t resemble early spring of 2018. If anything, models show fairly consistent 60s and a few 70s by the second and third weeks of April. Minnesota’s first severe thunderstorms may be less than 2 weeks away.

Today will be chilly, but temperatures moderate into the 50s next week, with 60s expected the first weekend of April.

An instability shower is possible Sunday afternoon; again late Monday – but the pattern isn’t ripe for widespread (heavy) showers and T-storms for at least another 7-10days.

This may turn into one of those rare springs where severe storm sirens are blaring before ice comes off the lakes.

10-Day ECMWF Rainfall Totals. The European model keeps heaviest rainfall amounts south of Minnesota with some 1-3″ predictions from Nebraska and southern Iowa into the Ohio Valley by April 8; amounts closer to .2 to .6″ during that period for most of Minnesota. Map: WeatherBell.

Balmy for NCAA Final Four Tournament? ECMWF guidance shows highs near 60F the first weekend of Apri, when the eyes of the hoops-world will be on Minneapolis for Final Four showdowns. International media won’t be able to whine about Minnesota weather. Whhhaaaat? They may be at a rare and welcome loss for words. Nighttime temperatures stay (consistently) above 32F starting next weekend. Graphic: WeatherBell.

Five Myths About Floods. The Washington Post has a timely post; here’s an excerpt: “…But our current approach to emergency management actually encourages people to rebuild rather than move. The Natural Resources Defense Council says that for every $100 the Federal Emergency Management Agency has spent to rebuild flooded homes, it has allocated only $1.72 to move people and buy out their properties. And residents aren’t just staying put: People are moving to flood-prone areas. An analysis by the magazine Governing found that the population growth within 100-year floodplains was faster than in areas outside flood zones. And a report by Climate Central and Zillow found that in New Jersey, about 2,700 new homes, worth an estimated $2.6 billion rose in the flood-risk zone in 2009, “most likely driven by reconstruction following Sandy.” This upward trend also held true in nine other coastal states: Construction growth in flood-risk zones outstripped growth in safer areas.”

Photo credit: “The cab of a pickup truck peeks out of floodwaters Wednesday, March 20, 2019, in Hamburg, Iowa.” (Chris Machian/Omaha World-Herald via AP)

Graphics from Friday evening’s appearance on TPT Almanac:

February Snowfall Anomalies. The map above, courtesy of the Midwest Regional Climate Center, shows the area (in pink) that picked up February snowfall 4-7 times normal. A huge area in the Upper Midwest saw at least 2-3 times the average amount of snowfall in February. Amazing.

Two Above-Average Winter Snowfalls in a Row at MSP. Then again, nearly 20″ of last winter’s snow came in April, when snow lovers really couldn’t enjoy it as much. The 30-year average for snow in the Twin Cities is about 54″ per winter. The last 2 winters almost make up for for the previous two.

Too Early To Take a Victory Lap. To some degree, the potential for more flooding (a second or even a third crest on area rivers) will depend on how quickly frost leaves the soil, and the amount of rain we receive second and third week of April. It would be wildly premature to let our guards down just yet. Graphics above: Praedictix.

Early Climate Numbers for March. Dr. Mark Seeley reports at Minnesota WeatherTalk: “Following the trend of February, March was colder and wetter than normal across most of the state. Most climate stations will report a mean March temperature that ranges from 3 to 6 degrees F cooler than normal. No daily record high maximum or minimum temperatures were reported within the Minnesota climate station network. However, during the cold first week of the month there were 74 low minimum daily temperature records tied or broken, and 108 daily low maximum temperature records tied or broken. Extreme temperatures for the month were minus35°F at Cotton (St Louis County) on the 8th to 67°F at Windom (Cottonwood County) and Winnebago (Faribault County) on the 27th. Most observers in the state reported above normal precipitation for the month, with the wettest areas in west-central and southwestern counties where totals of 2.5 to 3.0 inches were common…”

30-day MSP temperature trend: Praedictix.

With Ice Retreating, Mississippi River Primed For Traffic Still Stuck Downstream. Star Tribune has the story: “…High water and flooding downstream have closed locks dotting the river from Iowa into Missouri, halting commercial traffic and setting up what could be the latest start to the shipping season on record. The first tow normally punches through Pepin’s ice in the third of week March. But some in the towing industry worry the later melt and flooding could mean two or three more weeks before barges arrive in the Twin Cities. Blame it on the wet fall, the deep freeze that followed and this year’s record-breaking late snow. “It’s a recipe for a mess,” said Lee Nelson, president of Upper River Services in St. Paul, which moves and maintains barges in the Twin Cities. And if it rains? “Anything we get is simply going to exacerbate a bad situation,” Nelson said…”

Photo credit: MARK VANCLEAVE – Star Tribune. “Boat operator Bill Chelmowski navigated his airboat out of Camp LaCupolis on the south end of Lake Pepin on Thursday. The airboat has a strengthened hull to withstand ice and debris.”

Winter Outlook: 2018-18. How Did We Do? Not so good. It turns out a mild El Nino was only one of many factors that weighed in, especially in February. Here’s an excerpt of a good explainer at NOAA’s “…The big change during February when compared to December and January was that the Pacific/North American Pattern (PNA)—a specific type of pattern in the atmosphere that occurs across the mid-latitudes in the Pacific and North America—shifted phase from slightly positive to negative. A negative PNA phase is associated with a ridge of higher pressure over the western Gulf of Alaska and the eastern  United States and a trough of lower pressure over the northwestern United States. This pattern results in below-average temperatures over the West and Canada and above-average temperatures over the Southeast, which is exactly what happened in February. But what caused this pattern? El Niño didn’t, as it is more often associated with a positive PNA phase. The answer could be atmospheric randomness. Even with influencing factors, the circulation over the Pacific and North America decided to do its own thing…”

Graphic credit above: “(left) Temperature forecast for December-February 2018-19, made in mid-November. The colors show the forecast category with the highest probability. White areas are where all three outcomes (warm, cool, or average) were equally likely (each had a 33.3% chance of happening). (right) Observed temperature category for December-February 2018-19.” image based on CPC data.

The Malibu House That Was Prepared For One of the State’s Worst Wildfires. The Wall Street Journal reports: “…He said that is why he considered it a “must” to employ fireproof techniques. “I think friends and family thought I was more or less planning for the zombie apocalypse,” he said. He designed the Spanish-style roof with fire-retardant materials. Thickened roof sheeting is covered by a fire-rated underlayment, which doesn’t allow burning embers to penetrate. That is then covered by two-piece clay tile that has concrete in-between, which helps secure the tiles from high winds and helps further prevent burning embers from entering. Mr. Vogt used a high performance stucco as an extra barrier around the walls and, wherever possible, replaced wood with nonflammable materials. For example, he used fibrous cement board instead of wood for the eaves…”

Photo credit: “Phillip Vogt’s home was the only one to survive the Woolsey Fire that consumed his Malibu neighborhood.” Joe Schmelzer for The Wall Street Journal.

Stopping Human-Caused Air Pollution Would Prevent 5.6 Million Air Pollution Deaths Per Year. Dr. Jeff Masters reports at Weather Underground’s Category 6: “If humans stopped emitting air pollution, an astonishing 5.6 million premature deaths per year due to global outdoor air pollution could be prevented, according to research published Monday. About 65% of these deaths are due to burning of fossil fuels, with the remainder due to such activities as biomass burning and agriculture. Eliminating human-caused air pollution would also significantly reduce drought in monsoon regions, but it would allow more sunlight to reach the surface, increasing Earth’s surface temperature by at least 0.36°C (0.65°F). Overall, the effects would be hugely beneficial. The study, Effects of fossil fuel and total anthropogenic emission removal on public health and climate, was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) by a team headed by atmospheric researcher Jos Lelieveld of the Max Planck Institute...”

File photo: Climate Reality.

April 3 is SafePlaceSelfie Day! A good idea to show off your safe space as we quickly sail into tornado season. Details via NOAA: “If there was one extreme weather preparedness action you want your loved ones to take, what would it be? For many, that one action is to know ahead of time where their safe place is located. On April 3rd, 2019, at 11:11am local time, please join the National Weather Service and its Weather-Ready Nation Ambassadors to take a “selfie” and post with the hashtag #SafePlaceSelfie.

Here are some helpful suggestions:

  • Think about the hazards in your area where you would need to know where safe places or evacuation routes are located.
  • Get creative! Storm shelters, safe rooms, and basements are all good safe places from tornadoes and strong winds, but think of other scenarios or hazards that may require other safe places.
  • What other preparedness actions make your safe place even safer? Having a NOAA Weather Radio? Emergency Kit? Family Communications Plan?”

RENEWABLES: Headlines from Climate Nexus: “Renewables produced more energy than brown coal and gas over summer (The Guardian), 4 maps that show who’s being left behind in America’s wind-power boom (Vox), Florida Power & Light to build world’s largest solar-powered battery system (Wall Street Journal $), power giant seeks edge in clean tech (Axios), Japanese power giant launches solar and battery company (Axios), how hydrogen is transforming these tiny Scottish islands (BBC), the race to build the world’s largest solar-storage plant is on.’ (Bloomberg)

File image:

Why We Should Discuss Soil As Much As We Talk About Coal. Microsoft Founder Bill Gates has an interesting post at LinkedIn: “I’m done with cow farts. I’ve written about them several times over the last six months, and I bring them up in polite conversation more than I should. In my defense, I have a legitimate reason: cow farts are a good example of something that contributes to climate change but isn’t related to generating electricity. Most discussions about fighting climate change focus on electricity and the need for renewable energy. De-carbonizing the way we generate electricity would be a huge step, but it won’t be enough if we don’t reach zero net emissions from every sector of the economy within 50 years (and make a serious dent in the next ten). That includes the agriculture, forestry, and land use sector, which is responsible for 24 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions—just one percentage point less than electricity…”

Healthy Soils to Cool the Planet. Here’s a deep dive into the challenges and opportunities ahead, courtesy of

“Workism” is Making Americans Miserable. Or as someone in France once told me: “You Americans live to work. We work to live!” Nice gig – if you can afford it. Here’s an excerpt from The Atlantic: “…The decline of traditional faith in America has coincided with an explosion of new atheisms. Some people worship beauty, some worship political identities, and others worship their children. But everybody worships something. And workism is among the most potent of the new religions competing for congregants. What is workism? It is the belief that work is not only necessary to economic production, but also the centerpiece of one’s identity and life’s purpose; and the belief that any policy to promote human welfare must always encourage more work. Homo industrious is not new to the American landscape. The American dream—that hoary mythology that hard work always guarantees upward mobility—has for more than a century made the U.S. obsessed with material success and the exhaustive striving required to earn it...”

Photo credit: Nicky Loh / Reuters.

Baby Boomers and Millenials Have Different Ideas About Housting – This is Creating Challenges for Real Estate Market. Here’s an excerpt from Business Insider: “…But boomers and millennials also want very different types of houses, and it’s creating a major problem in the real-estate market. Fifteen years ago, boomers were building large, elaborate houses in states like Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina, The Wall Street Journal reported. Now, faced with the effort of maintaining such houses, they’re looking to downsize. The only problem? Young people aren’t interested in buying their houses, according to The Journal. “Homes built before 2012 are selling at steep discounts – sometimes almost 50%, and many owners end up selling for less than they paid to build their homes,” Candace Taylor wrote in The Wall Street Journal. “These days, buyers of all ages eschew the large, ornate houses built in those years in favor of smaller, more modern-looking alternatives, and prefer walkable areas to living miles from retail,” Taylor wrote…”

Image credit: McMansion Hell.

Does Netflix Have a Killer Problem? A story at The Washington Post made me do a double-take (which I’m doing fairly often these days): “…Yet Netflix is also quietly capitalizing on another form of content. More than other entertainment outlets, a number of Netflix’s hit shows spotlight gruesome violence, often committed against women, according to viewership statistics and industry experts. And Netflix is both more popular (some 60 million U.S. subscribers) and more intensely watched (in all rooms of the house, often multiple episodes at a time) than traditional television, raising worries among some media-violence experts. “I’m concerned about the trajectory we’re on,” said Glenn Sparks, a professor at Purdue University who has studied the effects of media violence, and is one of a number of critics who come not from the more traditional ranks of conservative family groups but are instead academics, journalists and mental-health experts…”

Graphic credit: Michael Byers for The Washington Post.

Where You Live in America Determines When You Will Die. Well, to some extent, yes. Here’s an excerpt from Big Think: “Tell me where you live, and I’ll tell you how long you’ve got left. Fortunately, it’s not quite that simple; but as these maps suggest, there is a strong link between location and average life expectancy. Americans born in 2015 can expect to live to the age of 78.8 years. That’s one-tenth of a year less than in 2014, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported, and the first time U.S. life expectancy declined since 1993. The CDC cited the rise of preventable deaths — notably traffic accidents (+6%) and “accidental poisonings” (+13%) as the main causes for the drop in longevity. The latter category consists almost entirely (97 percent) of alcohol and drug overdoses, with the opioid epidemic a major contributor to the increase…”

Alaska Moose-Hunter Can Use a Hovercraft After All. AP News has the story: “The National Park Service improperly banned an Alaska moose hunter from using a hovercraft on a river through a national preserve, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled Tuesday in a unanimous decision. The court limited the National Park Service’s authority to enforce laws and regulations on state-owned rivers in Alaska. Justices rejected the agency’s argument that the river was “public land” for regulatory authority and that the agency’s water rights interest gave it rule-making authority. The outcome was a victory for moose hunter John Sturgeon of Anchorage, who had sued and lost in lower court rulings. “We reverse the decision below and wish Sturgeon good hunting,” Justice Elena Kagan said in reading a summary of the decision. Sturgeon called it “a huge win for Alaska...”

File image: Pat Wellenbach, AP.

Space Scientists Want to Pay You $19,000 To Lie in Bed for 2 Months. has the curious details: “If you always struggle to get out of bed in the morning, this might be the perfect gig for you. Scientists are looking for women to stay in bed for 60 days to help them study how weightlessness affects the human body. As a reward for participating in the study, they will pay 16,500 euros, or about $18,522.  When astronauts are in space, the weightlessness caused by microgravity changes their body. The reduced physical stress in space leads their muscles and bones to break down and body fluids to shift toward their head, according to the German Aerospace Center, which was commissioned by NASA and the European Space Agency to conduct the study. By simulating weightlessness’ effects with bed rest, scientists hope to develop methods to counteract the impacts of weightlessness so that astronauts do not have to spend most of their days on the space station exercising…”

Photo credit: “The effects of bed rest are similar to that of microgravity on the human body.”

47 F. high yesterday in the Twin Cities.

48 F. average high on March 29.

42 F. high on March 29, 2018.

March 30, 1938: Springtime flooding hits Warroad and Grand Marais.

SATURDAY: Sunny with a cool wind. Winds: N 10-20. High: near 40

SUNDAY: Sunny start, stray late PM shower? Winds: SW 5-10. Wake-up: 24. High: 45

MONDAY: Another late-day instability shower? Winds: W 7-12. Wake-up: 30. High: 48

TUESDAY: Clouds increase, showers up north. Winds: NW 10-15. Wake-up: 37. High: 53

WEDNESDAY: AM sprinkles, then clearing. Winds: NW 8-13. Wake-up: 34. High: 47

THURSDAY: Partly sunny and pleasant. Winds: SE 7-12. Wake-up: 36. High: 51

FRIDAY: Mix of clouds and sunshine, milder. Winds: S 5-10. Wake-up: 35. High: 56

Climate Stories….

Catastrophic Midwest Flooding Highlights Risks of New Climate Reality. Here’s an excerpt from a story at Curbed: “…But overflowing rivers and inland flooding present similar threats. Scientists are still determining the degree to which climate change impacted this spring’s flood cycle, but they do know that warmer temperatures, which lead to more moisture in the air, can potentially turn a minor flood into a full-blown disaster. This winter and early spring, the Mississippi River basin received three times as much rainfall as normal. The last few decades have witnessed an unmistakable trend towards more extreme weather in the Midwest. Heavy-rain events have risen 37 percent since the 1950s, per the National Climate Assessment, which says climate change will bring extreme heat, drought, and heavy downpours to bear on America’s farms and eventually decrease productivity. Going forward, the Midwest is expected to receive some of the greatest increases in yearly precipitation.…”

Photo credit: “Wednesday, March 20, 2019 aerial photo shows flooding near the Platte River in in Plattsmouth, Nebraska, south of Omaha. The worst of the flooding so far has been in Nebraska, southwestern Iowa and northwestern Missouri.” AP.

Matt Gaetz Proposed Republican Climate Change Proposal Called “Green Real Deal”. Here’s the intro to a story at Pensacola News Journal: “Northwest Florida’s U.S. Rep. Matt Gaetz — a fierce defender of President Donald Trump and a member of the conservative Freedom Caucus — has a message for his fellow Republicans: “Climate change is real,” Gaetz said in an interview with the News Journal on Wednesday. “It’s not something people get to choose to believe in or not.” Gaetz is drafting a resolution in Congress that he hopes will be the Republican answer to the “Green New Deal” first put forward by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-NY, and embraced by several Democratic candidates running for president in 2020. Gaetz calls his proposal the “Green Real Deal...”

Republican Efforts to Counter Green New Deal Show How Far Climate Debate Has Shifted. Huffington Post explains: “…Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-Fla.), who is a close ally of President Donald Trump and who in the last Congress proposed a bill to abolish the Environmental Protection Agency, drafted a nonbinding resolution staking out a Green Real Deal that would acknowledge the threat climate change poses to “human health and safety” in “communities across the United States.” The document, which Politico published last week, does not set targets for emission cuts but calls for ramping up low-carbon investments and “otherwise reducing or achieving net-zero emissions from fossil energy.” On Monday, Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) proposed a New Manhattan Project for Clean Energy that he said would “double federal funding for energy research” and implement a five-year plan to “create new sources of cheap, clean energy...”

Image credit:

Extreme Weather Affected 62 Million People Last Year, UN Climate Change Report Says. Here’s a summary from CBS News: “United Nation’s Secretary-General António Guterres told world leaders to come to September’s climate summit in New York City with plans to take action on climate change, as the U.N.’s weather agency released its flagship report about global warming. The report said extreme weather last year hit 62 million people worldwide and forced 2 million people to relocate, as man-made climate change worsened. “I’m telling leaders, don’t come with a speech, come with a plan,” Guterres said. Guterres said climate change is a security and health issue for the world. “The impact on public health is escalating,” Guterres said. “The combination of extreme heat and air pollution is proving increasingly dangerous…”

The Bugs Are Coming: Climate Nexus has headlines and links: “The spread of mosquitoes as the planet warms could expose an additional 1 billion people to disease by the end of the century, new research shows. A study published this week in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases maps the potential expansion of bugs if climate change continues unchecked and new habitats open up, finding that areas like Canada and northern Europe could be newly exposed to diseases like Zika and dengue as insect populations move into new territories. “Plain and simple, climate change is going to kill a lot of people,” coauthor Colin Carlson told Nexus Media News. “Mosquito-borne diseases are going to be a big way that happens, especially as they spread from the tropics to temperate countries.” (Nexus Media News, The Guardian, CNN, PBS NewsHourNPR, Grist)

File image: USDA.

AT&T, Hit By Higher Natural Disaster Costs, Unveils 30-Year Climate Change Model. Here’s an excerpt from “AT&T is paying the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory to predict climate-related events that could damage the company’s infrastructure over the next 30 years. The announcement Wednesday follows several natural disasters that cost the telecommunications company $847 million since 2016, including $626 million in 2017 alone. AT&T, which has a market value of $229.9 billion, reported operating revenue of $160.55 billion in 2017. The tool will track flooding, hurricane and wind storms in North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, according to Charlene Lake, AT&T’s chief sustainability officer and senior vice president for public affairs. The company plans to extend climate projections across the country, and track wildfires and droughts as well...”

Superstorm Sandy image from October, 2012: NASA.

The Catastrophe is Coming? Too alarmist? I hope you’re right. What will people in the 21st century think of this generation? Here’s a clip from Mashable: “…The news business wasn’t built to handle an invisible, slow-building multi-decade threat either. The Catastrophe should be the top story in every publication and on every nightly TV report, but it isn’t. We already know the details. News, by definition, is that which is new. Reporters on the scene get excited about weather. They are mute on climate. In the early years of climate change stories, there was a fair amount of crying wolf. (Do you still have wolves?) Estimates of effects were all over the map, especially in the years before the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and supercomputer-enabled climate modeling. Climate denialists loved to point to articles from the 1990s that predicted doom. Since it hadn’t materialized yet, they reasoned, it never would, and thus the instinct inside us all — “everything is fine and if it isn’t we can adapt” — was basically correct…”

The Green New Deal and the Case Against Incremental Climate Policy. The irony is that the longer we drag our feet and fail to implement policy to lower carbon levels, the greater the odds of requiring a government-lead, Manhattan Project-like command and control, top-down approach in the years to come, vs. putting a signal in the market and letting markets come up with the best low/no-carbon options. Here’s a clip from Dave Roberts at Vox: “…The GND theory of change is a long shot — a desperate Hail Mary in a game where time is running short. But at least it is a theory of change. The proffered alternative, a vague word salad invoking bipartisanship, centrism, and “common sense” (i.e., DC conventional wisdom), is not a theory of change at all. There is no story to tell about how, if the basic power relationships of US federal politics remain in place, modest, incremental climate policies can pass. Anyone who believes the US can’t do big things any more should certainly feel free to say so. (I believe that myself every other weekday or so.) But those same people should acknowledge that, absent big changes, the US can’t do small things anymore either. To say big things can’t get done is to say nothing can get done — that we will return to the Obama-era politics of Dems proposing things, Republicans blocking them, and a Dem president fiddling around on the margins with executive powers…”

Climate Change and the Death of the Small Farm. As always, it’s a combination of factors – not necessarily one smoking gun, a point that became even more clear after reading this story at New Republic: “Sometimes you have a bad year. That’s always been the reality of being a farmer or rancher. The business of growing crops and raising animals for profit requires two crucial elements for success that are out of farmers’ control: good weather, and good government policy. No one enters the agricultural profession thinking that every season is going to be successful. But farmers and ranchers, particularly in the Midwest, have had more than just a bad year or two. Wisconsin’s dairy farms are in crisis, having lost about half of their net income between 2011 and 2018. They’re now shutting down at a record rate, due to low milk prices, overproduction, and President Donald Trump’s trade war with China and Mexico. That war has also caused billions in combined losses to Iowa’s soybean, corn, and hog industries. Nebraska farmers lost between $700 million and $1 billion in income last year. In Minnesota, farmer income fell 8 percent, making 2018 the worst year since the farm crisis of the 1980s...”

File photo: U.S. Coast Guard Aircrews.

AOC: Green New Deal is Not Elitist. Here are a couple of clips from an update at Mother Jones: “Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) on Tuesday delivered an impassioned defense of the Green New Deal, the ambitious Democratic proposal aimed at fighting climate change, after a Republican congressman attacked the resolution as an elitist plan he claimed had been created by out-of-touch “rich liberals from New York of California…“This is not an elitist issue, this is a quality of life issue,” Ocasio-Cortez responded, her voice rising in exasperation. “You want to tell people that their concern and their desire for clean air and clean water is elitist? Tell that to the kids in the south Bronx which are suffering from the highest rates of childhood asthma in the country. Tell that to the families in Flint…”

China Bucking Global Shift From Coal-Fired Power: Environmental Study. Turns out they say one thing and do another, according to an update at Reuters: “China restarted construction on more than 50 gigawatts (GW) of suspended coal-fired power plants last year, bucking a global shift away from fossil fuels, a new study showed on Thursday. China has repeatedly pledged to reduce its reliance on coal, a major source of smog and climate-warming greenhouse gases, and it has already cut coal’s share of its total energy mix to 59 percent, down from 68.5 percent in 2012. But satellite images show China “quietly resumed” construction in 2018 on dozens of previously shelved plants, making it a “glaring exception to the global decline”, said a joint report by environmental groups Global Energy Monitor, Greenpeace and the Sierra Club...”

File photo: “A coal-fired power plant is pictured near a construction site in Beijing, China, December 9, 2016.” REUTERS/Jason Lee/File Photo.

Are Efforts to Moderate Extreme Weather Creating a Climate Change “Feedback Loop”? Fortune has details: “A record-smashing heat wave isn’t just a symptom of climate change—in a way, it’s also contributing to it. Efforts to moderate extreme weather—blasting air conditioning or cranking up the heat—in 2018 were one of the major factors behind surging global energy demand, particularly in the U.S., the International Energy Agency said in a report published Tuesday. And that demand is directly linked to record-level energy-linked carbon dioxide emissions last year, even as countries pledged to substantially cut back their carbon output. “In a way, global warming is leading to higher demand for fossil fuels,” says Bjarne Schieldrop, chief commodities analyst at Stockholm-based SEB Bank. “Which is kind of uncomfortable...”